Pearls of Wisdom

PHCP recently hosted Pete Ramey in Ventura, California. Jon and Sarah Smedley, of
Trim and Train, did the hard work of organizing this clinic.
Pete has returned to his original 2 day clinic format, only with a much smaller audience.
The combination of lecture, discussion, and trim demonstration is perfect in a group this
size. There were 40 in attendance with the majority being PHCP members.
I have attended several of Pete’s clinics in the past and I’m always inspired by his
“pearls of wisdom”. I would like to share some of what I took away from this clinic for
those not able to attend and for those who just need a refresher.

  • There is no Pete Ramey method because “if there is I don’t follow it”. All methods
    work somewhere and all methods don’t work somewhere.
  • Don’t repeat something that isn’t working. Keep searching for solutions.
  • Correct movement is needed to create a healthier hoof.
  • The impact of the hoof on the ground is the main factor determining hoof form.
  • Choose a correct impact (heel first or flat) during movement, over a correct angle
    when the horse is standing on level ground.
  • The palmar angle may be trimmed to 5° when standing in the barn aisle but the
    horse may land at 25° (toe first).
  • Leave that sole “ugly” with a layer of extra protection.
  • Think about what you can leave on the hoof and trim only what needs trimming.
  • Less trimming slows growth and excess trimming speeds growth up.
  • Palpate those digital cushions and use this information in your trimming decisions.
  • Collateral Grooves101: To determine sole depth measure from the bottom of the CG
    to the perimeter of the sole (with a hoof pick or knife). A minimum sole depth at the
    apex of the frog would be 1/2 in, 12mm, or 1 female thumb width. 🙂 At mid bar a
    minimum is 3/4 in, 18mm, or 1 male thumb width. (for those numerically challenged)
  • Attend a Pete Ramey clinic for Collateral Grooves 102, once you understand CG
  • You can have a short hoof capsule with thick sole or a long hoof capsule with a thin
    sole. In the latter, the hoof capsule is vertically displaced.
  • Keep in mind that 1/2 in of un-callused sole is far inferior to 1/2 in of callused sole.
  • A heel rocker is a great way to offer a lower palmar angle to a club footed horse,
    while leaving the vertical height they may prefer. This true rocker will start at the bar
    wall junction and bevel towards the heels.
  • “Rocker” type 2 is used on a foundered hoof and is not truly a rocker. The hoof
    appears to be rockered at the heel because there is missing material at the toe. This
    “rocker” will start at the point where the sole is the correct thickness, usually the
    widest part of the hoof. As the sole thickens in the toe, the “rocker”migrates forward
    and eventually disappears.
  • Considerations for lowering heels (or not): 1. tension in the flexor muscles (stretch
    the leg forward to check if the knee can straighten) 2. frog health 3. digital cushion
    development 4. comfort in movement.
  • Don’t over trim the correct side to match the incorrect side when trying to attain
    medial/lateral balance.
  • Leaving the thickness of the hoof wall at a flare allows you to bevel it at the bottom
    and redirect the force inward.
  • Be conservative when trimming bars. Trimming too much accelerates their growth.
  • 90% of the hoof issues you come across are nutritional.
  • Too many carbohydrates or a mineral imbalance will both create poor hoof quality.
  • Educate your client on diet the 1st day. You won’t solve hoof issues with the trim
  • The hoof is like the” canary in the coal mine”. Let your client know that if the hoof is
    not healthy, the rest of the horse is not at its optimal health.
  • Visit for more information on nutrition.

    Whether you are a new student of the hoof or a long time mentor/teacher, there is
    something to be learned from Pete. It was fun to see a new generation of students
    inspired by his clear and thoughtful teaching and as a Mentor I came away with some
    rediscovered and new thoughts to share with my students.